İş, cümlenin öznesi üzerine yapıldığı durumlarda fiil edilgen çatıdadır.
TENSE/VERBFORM ACTIVE PASSIVE
Simple Present uses is used
Present Continuous is using is being used
Simple Past used was/were used
Past Continous was using was/were being used
Present Perfect has/have used has/have been used
Past Perfect had used had been used
Future will use will be used
(be) going to (am,is,are) (am, is, are) going
going to use to be used
can use can be used
could use could be used
must use must be used
Modals should use should be used
ought to use ought to be used
have/has to use have/has to be used
might use might be used
may use may be used
⇒ Someone brings my letters for me. (ACTIVE)
Subject Object >>> The subject is not known.
⇒ My letters are brought for me. (PASSIVE)
⇒ The secretary called the boss for the meeting.
Subject Object >>> The object is more important than the subject.
⇒ The boss was called forthe meeting (by the secretary).
Compare: Somebody cleans the room every day. (active)
⇒ The room is cleaned everyday.(passive)
⇒ Somebody cleaned the room yesterday.(active)
⇒ The room was cleaned yesterday.(passive)
ACTIVE: Haven’t you painted the fences yet?
PASSIVE: Haven’t the fences been painted yet?
ACTIVE: Anybody has never understood her ideas.
PASSIVE: Her ideas have never been understood.
PAST PERFECT: had + been + Past Particible (V3) (eaten/watered/stolen etc.)
ACTIVE: sThese flowers looked more fresh. Somebody had watered them.
PASSIVE: These flowers looked more fresh. They had been watered.
ACTIVE: The secretary had typed the letters.
PASSIVE: The letters had been typed by the secretary.
ACTIVE: The naughty children had broken the window.
PASSIVE: The window had been broken by the naughty children.
SIMPLE FUTURE: will be + past particible (V3) (eaten/watered etc.)
ACTIVE: Somebody will water these flowers tomorrow.
PASSIVE: These flowers will be watered tomorrow.
ACTIVE: The doctor will examine Mary.
PASSIVE: Mary will be examined by the doctor.
ACTIVE: The workers will clean the pool of the hotel.
PASSIVE: The pool of the hotel will be cleaned.
BE GOING TO: am/is/are + going to be + past participle (V3) (eaten)
ACTIVE: Somebody is going to water these flowers.
PASSIVE: These flowers are going to be watered.
ACTIVE: My father is going to iron the shirt.
PASSIVE: The shirts are going to be ironed.
ACTIVE: The employer is going to increase the employee’s salaries.
PASSIVE: The employee’s salaries are going to be increased by employer.
MODALS: can/could/should/might/may/must/have to/has to/ought to be + past participle (V3) (eaten/watered/ stolen etc.)
ACTIVE: These flowers look dead. Somebody must water them.
PASSIVE: These flowers look dead. They must be watered.
ACTIVE: A calculator can make calculations easily.
PASSIVE: Calculations can be made by a calculator easily.
ACTIVE: The children under sixteen shouldn’t watch this horror film.
PASSIVE: This horror film shouldn’t be watched by the children under sixteen.