56. The Passive Voice – Edilgen Cümle

İş, cümlenin öznesi üzerine yapıldığı durumlarda fiil edilgen çatıdadır.

TENSE/VERBFORM             ACTIVE                      PASSIVE

Simple Present                                 uses                            is used

Present Continuous                         is using                      is being used

Simple Past                                       used                           was/were used

Past Continous                                 was using                  was/were being used

Present Perfect                                has/have used          has/have been used

Past Perfect                                      had used                    had been used

Future                                                 will use                     will be used

(be) going to                                     (am,is,are)                (am, is, are) going

going to use              to be used

can use                      can be used

could use                  could be used

must use                   must be used

Modals                                               should use                should be used

ought to use             ought to be used

have/has to use       have/has to be used

might use                 might be used

may use                    may be used

 

Someone brings my letters for me. (ACTIVE)

Subject           Object              >>>                 The subject is not known.

My letters are brought for me. (PASSIVE)

The secretary called the boss for the meeting.

Subject Object           >>>                   The object is more important than the subject.

The boss was called forthe meeting (by the secretary).

Compare: Somebody cleans the room every day. (active)

⇒  The room is cleaned everyday.(passive)

 

Somebody cleaned the room yesterday.(active)

The room was cleaned yesterday.(passive)

ACTIVE: Haven’t you painted the fences yet?

PASSIVE: Haven’t the fences been painted yet?

ACTIVE: Anybody has never understood her ideas.

PASSIVE: Her ideas have never been understood.

 

PAST PERFECT: had + been + Past Particible (V3) (eaten/watered/stolen etc.)

ACTIVE: sThese flowers looked more fresh. Somebody had watered them.

PASSIVE: These flowers looked more fresh. They had been watered.

ACTIVE: The secretary had typed the letters.

PASSIVE: The letters had been typed by the secretary.

ACTIVE: The naughty children had broken the window.

PASSIVE: The window had been broken by the naughty children.

 

SIMPLE FUTURE: will be + past particible (V3) (eaten/watered etc.)

ACTIVE: Somebody will water these flowers tomorrow.

PASSIVE: These flowers will be watered tomorrow.

ACTIVE: The doctor will examine Mary.

PASSIVE: Mary will be examined by the doctor.

ACTIVE: The workers will clean the pool of the hotel.

PASSIVE: The pool of the hotel will be cleaned.

 

BE GOING TO: am/is/are + going to be + past participle (V3) (eaten)

ACTIVE: Somebody is going to water these flowers.

PASSIVE: These flowers are going to be watered.

ACTIVE: My father is going to iron the shirt.

PASSIVE: The shirts are going to be ironed.

ACTIVE: The employer is going to increase the employee’s salaries.

PASSIVE: The employee’s salaries are going to be increased by employer.

 

MODALS: can/could/should/might/may/must/have to/has to/ought to be + past participle (V3) (eaten/watered/ stolen etc.)

ACTIVE: These flowers look dead. Somebody must water them.

PASSIVE: These flowers look dead. They must be watered.

ACTIVE: A calculator can make calculations easily.

PASSIVE: Calculations can be made by a calculator easily.

ACTIVE: The children under sixteen shouldn’t watch this horror film.

PASSIVE: This horror film shouldn’t be watched by the children under sixteen.

 

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